Exploring Different Structural Designs for Roof Trusses

Exploring Different Structural Designs for Roof Trusses


The roof is the most essential and most important part of any house. And when you have to build it there’s a lot to consider. 

Time is money so no wonder people are always trying to come up with new, innovative solutions. Building a new roof can take weeks but with roof trusses things can get easier and quicker. An assembled roof truss is relatively easy to put up. You can have a new roof within a day or two.

What is a roof truss? A roof truss is a sturdy and carefully designed framework made of intersecting timbers. They work together to support the weight of a roof and ensure its stability. Just like a lid on a box they transfer the roof’s weight to the house’s load-bearing walls. Roof trusses make tension and compression work together! 

These trusses come fully assembled to your job site. This will help you to reduce installation time and labor costs by a lot. So by using roof trusses, you can save money and make the installation process easier and faster.

Modern roofing trusses are the wonders of modern engineering. Choosing the right truss design plays a vital role in both the appearance and safety of your house. So in today’s blog we will discuss the five most popular types of roof trusses. They are King Post, Queen Post, Howe, Fink, and Scissor trusses.

King Post Truss; a Single Post in the Middle

Picture a simple roof with a single post in the middle, that’s the King Post truss. 

The King Post truss is a simple design with a vertical post (king post) in the center. Diagonal members (rafters) extend from each side of the king post to the top of the truss.

It’s practical, simple and designed especially for smaller houses where you don’t need anything too complex. If you’re aiming for simplicity and efficiency, the King Post truss might be just what you need. It’s a practical choice that will ensure your roof’s stability.

The King Post truss is easy to manufacture. And the application is cost-effective and straightforward too.

Queen Post Truss; Two Vertical Posts

Queen Post trusses are similar to King Post trusses. But instead of one, they have two vertical posts, called queen posts. They are positioned on either side of the center and are connected horizontally. This design is ideal for larger spans as it offers additional support. It can be used to create extra storage space within the roof area too. The Queen Post truss offers greater flexibility in design as well. 

Queen Post trusses are commonly used in both residential and commercial roofing.

Howe Truss; X-Shaped Patterns

Think of X-shaped patterns in the roof, that’s a Howe truss.

It is a classic type of truss that was commonly used for bridges in the 1830s and 1840s. Today, it is used both in residential and commercial buildings. 

The Howe truss is an excellent choice for larger buildings that want durability and style. If you need extra strength and an impressive-looking building, this truss type is perfect. 

Fink Truss; a Straightforward W-Shaped Design

A Fink truss is a type similar to the Howe truss, but with a W-shaped design which makes this truss stronger.  This design is perfect for a steep sloped roof because it will align perfectly with it.

The Fink truss consists of top and bottom chords connected by diagonal members that form a series of triangles.

Its straightforward design makes it easy to manufacture and install. Since Fink trusses provide strength and stability, they’re perfect for almost any building, big or small. They are equally used in residential, commercial, and industrial buildings.

Whether you are building a cozy home or a larger structure, the Fink truss is a great option to consider.

Scissor Truss; a V Shape in the Roof

The scissor truss is a popular choice for many homeowners. This type of truss has diagonal members arranged in the shape of scissors. The result is an arched ceiling that makes the space seem bigger.

The scissor truss is perfect if you want to add an open, spacious feel to your home. It adds an architectural effect and creates a visually appealing ceiling. 

The scissor truss design can be confusing due to the center crossover point. The center causes forces to go in opposite directions. It results in tension in the lowers and compression in the shorter diagonal uppers. 

Even if you don’t know exactly how it works, it is a great choice for those looking for a unique touch to their home.

How to Choose the Perfect Truss?

Now that you know the basics, it’s time to decide. 

Each design has its own style and benefits. If you want something simple and affordable, go for Fink. If you’re after firmness and style, Howe might be your pick. A scissor truss will create a spacious feel and offer you an aesthetic appeal. King and Queen Posts are good for stability without going overboard.

Consider the size, purpose, and style of your building too. If you’re on a budget, think about what works best for you. Keep in mind that the cost will depend on the complexity of the layout. But no matter which trusses you choose, you will save money on time and labor. If you need a trusted roofing contractor in Hamilton, NJ, Fortified Roofing is here to help. Contact us today if you have any questions.